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Craniofacial Changes from Nasal Obstruction

A lip seal study of Japanese children with malocclusion. Yata. 2001

Adenoid facies. 1978

Adenoid hypertrophy and open bite. 2011

Airway adequacy, head posture, and craniofacial morphology. Solow. 1984

Airway Centric-orthodontics ushers in the post-retraction world of orthodontics. Hang. 2016

Airways and Appliances. Moses. 1989

An Insight into Relationship of Hypertrophied Adenoids & Tonsils and Dentofacial Form. Kaur. 2014

Beautiful balanced faces. The first 9 years_ the most critical time. Tipton. 2006

Changes in Neuromuscular Patterns. Harvold

Craniofacial differences according to AHI scores of children with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome_ cephalometric study in 39 patients. Özdemir. 2004

Craniofacial growth in children with nasal septum deviation. D’Ascanio. 2010


Development and validation of the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation Scale. Stewart. 2004

Influence of respiratory pattern on craniofacial growth. McNamara. 1981

Influences of lymphoid tissues on facial pattern 2014

Investigating the treatment of rhinitis in asthma using the Buteyko Method. Mckeown

Mandibular form and position related to changed mode of breathing. Kerr. 1989

Morphologic response to changes in neuromuscular patterns experimentally induced by altered modes of respiration. Vargervik. 1984

Mouth breathing – oral and medical conditions. Triana. 2016

Nasal obstruction – facial growth. Vig. 1998

Nasal Obstruction and Changes to Face. Miller. 1984

Nasal obstruction and facial growth_ The strength of evidence for clinical assumptions. W. L. Wig. 1998

Nose breathing for good health, fitness and correct craniofacial development. McKeown. 2013

Oral respiration_ facial maldevelopment and corrective dentofacial orthopedics. Subtelny. 1980

Orthodontics without extractions. 2007

Primate Experiments on Oral Respiration. Harvold

Psychometric validity of the 22 – item Sinonasal Outcome Test. Hopkins. 2009

Recognising oral breathing in children

Speed of growth – infancy and early childhood. Laowansiri. 2013

The aetiology of temporomandibular disorders_ a philosophical overview. Mew. 1997

The effect of sucking habits, cohort, sex, intercanine arch widths, and breast or bottle feeding Norwegian and Swedish 3-year-old children. Ogaard. 1994

The growth of the human face. Scott 1953

The influence of snoring, mouth breathing and apnoea on facial morphology in late childhood. Richmond. 2015

The long face syndrome and impairment of the nasopharyngeal airway. Tourne. 1990

the role of mouth breathing on dentition development and formation. Valcheva. 2018

Three-dimensional assessment of pharyngeal airway in nasal- and mouth-breathing children. Alves. 2011.pdf

Understanding Nasal Breathing The Key to Evaluating and Treating. Catalano 2018.pdf

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